How did my home town become Trumpland?
[OK, I said I wasn't going to do a Sift this week, and mostly I'm holding to that. But this single article just popped out.]
On the morning of Election Day, my wife and I cast our ballots in New Hampshire and then started driving west, heading to Quincy, Illinois, where I grew up. I didn't think I was on a research trip. I just thought we would be visiting friends and that I would give a talk at the local Unitarian church.
We listened to the early returns on the radio, then stopped for the night in Erie, Pennsylvania. I went to bed comparatively early, around midnight. Ezra Klein had just explained why there probably weren't enough uncounted Democratic votes in Wisconsin to erase Trump's lead, and I decided I didn't need to see any more.
At least Illinois was a blue state, called for Clinton shortly after the polls closed. But it differs from Ohio, Wisconsin, and Michigan mainly in that Chicago is a bigger city than Cleveland, Milwaukee, or Detroit. Once you get past the Chicago suburbs, you'll find rural areas and small towns just like the ones that made Trump president.
Small towns like Quincy. It has roughly 40,000 people, a population level that has been fairly constant since it was a Mississippi riverport boom town in the 1840s. It is a small regional center, the biggest town for a hundred miles in any direction, and it dominates Adams County, which has a total population of 67,000. The vote totals from Adams County look like this:
Trump 22, 732
The people I had come to see are all liberal Unitarian Universalists, and their problems put mine in perspective. Like most Democrats, I felt kicked in the stomach by the election results. Trump's victory didn't feel like an ordinary defeat; even nearly a week later, it feels like a rejection of everything I believed America stood for. I have been looking at my country, wondering what had happened to it and where it might be headed. But my friends in Quincy are looking out their doors and feeling surrounded by the Trump signs in their neighbors' yards. They weren't surprised to see their town go Republican (and truthfully, neither was I), but Trump? Their neighbors?
If I were a real journalist, I would have spent my week interviewing local Trump supporters at random and telling you what they said. But to be honest, I didn't have it in me. And over the last few months I've seen a number of such interviews on television and learned relatively little from them. (Some different language is being spoken, and I can't crack it. Wednesday morning, during breakfast back at the hotel in Erie, I overheard a table of people telling each other that Hillary was corrupt, but Trump just wanted to do what was right for America. I don't know how anyone can look at Trump's long history as a con man and come to that conclusion, but I suspected that asking that question wouldn't have gotten me an enlightening answer.)
Instead, I did what I usually do in Quincy: I walked. It's a very walkable town, much of it unchanged since I was a boy. But some of it has changed, and as I walked I thought about that in a new way.
By now, Quincy has exported most of two generations of intellectual talent. At my high school reunions, people mostly fall into three groups: the few who inherited local family businesses and are doing fine; a much larger group that got a college education, moved away, and are mostly also doing quite well; and a third group of probably about the same size that didn't go to college, stayed, and are surviving. (The people who don't survive, I suppose, don't show up at reunions.)
Like any regional center, Quincy requires trained professionals — the town's biggest employer is the local hospital — which it mostly imports. A few years ago, when I was coming home often and spending far too much time with my parents' doctors, those doctors were mostly Asians. (The doctors I remember from growing up were old white men with names like Brenner and Johnson.) When I would read articles in the local paper about my old high school, the prize-winning kids would often not have the Germanic names of old Quincy families, but names I associate with China or India.
In the mid-20th century, Quincy was a manufacturing center. My Dad worked in one of the factories, which had been owned by a local family; the corporate headquarters was one building over from the manufacturing plant. The company has long since been sold to ADM, headquartered in Chicago 300 miles away. I doubt it employs nearly so many people now, or that the high school graduates who work there make enough money to own a house and send their children to college. Most of the town's other factories are either gone completely or are shadows of their former selves.
One other striking difference from the town of my youth is the subdivisions of McMansions on the east side of town, in areas that I remember as fields. When I saw them starting to go up, I was incredulous: Who in Quincy could afford them? I knew there were old families with old money, but surely not this many of them. But strangely, every year, there were more of them and they got bigger.
Eventually somebody explained it to me: Outsiders were retiring here. Quincy has a comparatively low cost of living (thanks in part, I imagine, to my high school classmates working for not much money), and low construction costs. If you sell your three-bedroom in St. Louis or Chicago, you can afford to build your dream house in Quincy.
I've known all this for a while, but I had never put it together before. This time, as I walked I wondered: All those people who stayed here without a family business to inherit, how did the town look to them? The promising kids who move away and never come back. The good jobs going to foreigners and to corporate climbers who are spending a few years in the sticks in hopes of returning to headquarters at a higher level. The acres of mansions that you can't figure out who lives in them. How do they feel about all that?
The word that popped into my mind was colonized. Like this wasn't their town any more.
Trump supporters have been telling us this for a while, of course. They've been saying "We need to take our country back." But I had always interpreted that as metaphor, having something to do with gay rights and racial integration. But maybe they very literally feel like the natives in a colonial empire.